The Antiquity of Man

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World Archaeology and Palaeoanthropology

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  • Tel Miqne - Ekron, Israel
  • I participated in the 13th and last session of excavation at the Biblical city of Tel Miqne - Ekron, in 1996.
    "Tel Miqne, one of the largest Iron Age sites in Israel, is identified with biblical Ekron, one of the five capital cities of the Philistines. Tem miles inland from the Mediterranean seaport of Ashdod, Ekron is located on the border that separates the coastal plain from the hill country of Judah. In antiquity, it was a powerful, independant city-state which, in the beginning, threatened the existence of the indeginous Canaanites and the newly settled Israelites. Ekron was a major Philistine political and commercial center. In the 10th. c. B.C.E. it came under the shadow of the powerful kingdom of Judah, and by the 7th. c. was one of the vassal city-states of the Neo-Assyrian empire. In 603 B.C.E. Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon, destroyed Ekron and with it the last vestiages of Philistine culture. "Excavations have shed new light on four dramatic chapters in the history of Ekron. The first was the Canaanite settlement of the second millennium B.C.E.; the second, a large fortified city founded by the Sea Peoples/Philistines in the 12th and 11th c. B.C.E. which contained metal and other industries and a large palace and hearth sanctuaries with Aegean affinities. the third occurred in the 10th through 8th. c. B.C.E. when the city was reduced in size and conquered by the Neo-Assyrian King Sargon II in 712 B.C.E. The fourth took place when the city expanded and became one of the most important olive oil production centers in the ancient Near East. The city also produced a unique assemblage of four-horned altars, inscriptions to the goddess Aherah, and five caches of jewlry and silver ingots."
    [The above is from the 1996 Tel Miqne - Ekron session information pamphlet]
  • Peers Cave, South Africa
  • A detailed description of Peers Cave and its excavated contents is available by clicking this link.
  • Cederberg Mountain Range, South Africa
  • Bushmen rock art in the Cederberg Mountain Range, Western Cape, South Africa. Dates range from c. 5 000 BC to the 19th century AD. These photos display both the rock art and the surrounding landscape of the Cederberg.
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